MCQs

Interpretation of statutes MCQs [Part: 3]

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101. An aid that expresses the scope, object and purpose of the Act– 

Title of the Act

Heading of the Chapter

Interpretation clause

Preamble

102. Formal legal document which creates or confirms a right or record a fact is a

Instrument

Statute

Document

Deed

103.The meaning of a word is derived from its associated words, i.e. the meaning of a word is to be judged by the company it keeps. This is as per __________

‘Ejusdem Generis’

Noscitur A Sociis

Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius

Contemporanea Expositio

104.The rule of Ejusdem Generis is applied to construe ________

The general word(s)

The associated words

The specific word(s)

The unrelated words

105. Rule of Beneficial construction is also known as—

Purposive construction

Mischief Rule

Heydons’s Rule

All of the Above

106. Speech of mover of bill at the time of introduction of the bill, the history of the external circumstances which led to the enactment of the statue, amendments considered during the progress of the bill, statement of objects and reasons, report of a committee which examined the bill are the examples of _____.

Historical setting

Consolidating statutes and previous laws

Earlier and later acts and analogous acts

Internal aids

107.An internal aid that may be added to include something within the section or to exclude something from it, is

Proviso

Schedule

Explanation

Illustrations

108. Rule of Reasonable Construction is based on the maxim

Absolut Sententia expositore non-indigent

Ut res magis valeat quam pereat

Qui facit per alium facit per se

Contemporanea expositio

109. Which among the following is the cardinal rule of construction of statutes

Literal Rule of construction

Beneficial Rule of construction

Harmonious Rule of construction

Reasonable Rule of construction

110. Which rule of construction is applicable where there is a real and not merely apparent conflict between the provisions of an Act, and one of them has not been made subject to the other—

Rule of Beneficial construction

Rule of Harmonious construction

Rule of Literal construction

Rule of Exceptional construction

111. As per ___________, if two or more words which are capable of analogous (similar or parallel) meaning are grouped together they should be understood in cognate sense, i.e. they take their colour from each other and are given a similar or related meaning

Noscitur A Sociis

Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius

 Ejusdem Generis

Contemporanea Expositio

112. Pick the odd one out of the following aids to interpretation

Preamble

Marginal Notes

Proviso

Usage

113. Statement (1): A substantial compliance of a mandatory provision is sufficient unless it results in loss or prejudice to the other party.

Statement (2): Non-observance of a mandatory provision does not invalidate the act done; whatever consequences may occur

Only statement (1) is correct

Only statement (2) is correct

Both the above statements are correct

None of the above statements is correct

114. ____________ is an internal aid in interpretation of statutes

Schedules, headings and title of a chapter and marginal notes

Headings and title of a chapter and marginal notes

Schedules and marginal notes

Schedules

115. If it is impossible to harmonise the two conflicting provisions, the provision enacted ____________ in point of time shall prevail.

Later

Earlier

Either (a) or (b)

None of these

116. If two provisions are joined by the conjunction ‘and’, requirements of both the provisions should be satisfied. If two provisions are separated by the word ‘or’, satisfying the requirements of any of the two provisions would be sufficient. However, at times, these words may be read as vice-versa to give effect to the intention of the legislature. This is as per ___

Noscitur A Sociis

Rule of Exceptional Construction

Rule of Ejusdem Generis

Rule of literal interpretation

117. ________ is the process of ascertaining the true meaning of the words used in a statute

Interpretation

Construction

Both (a) and (b)

Evaluation

118. Generally, full effect must be given to every word contained in a Statute. However, words in a statue may be eliminated if no sensible meaning can be drawn. This is as per ____

Rule of literal interpretation

Rule of harmonious construction

Rule of Exceptional Construction

Noscitur A Sociis

119. Statement (1): The illustrations cannot curtail the scope of a section.

Statement (2): The illustrations can expand the scope of a section.

Statement (3): if there is a conflict between the section and an illustration, the section will prevail

Only one of above statement is correct

Only two of the above statements is correct

All the above statements are correct

None of the above statements is correct

120. _______ is not a secondary rule of interpretation

‘Ejusdem Generis’

Noscitur A Sociis

Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius

Contemporanea Expositio

121. The term __________ means ‘of the same class or species’, i.e. ‘of the same kind’

Ejusdem Generis

Noscitur A Sociis

Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius

Contemporanea Expositio

122. An internal aid that may be added to include something within the section or to exclude something from it, is—

Proviso

Explanation

Schedule

Illustrations

123. ________ expresses the scope and object of the act more comprehensively than the _________

The preamble; long title

Short title; long title

Short title; preamble

Long title; preamble

124. Whether a provision is mandatory or directory _______

Can be ascertained by referring to the provisions of the General Clause Act, 1897

Is specified in the statue in which such provision is contained

Has to be decided by the court

None of these

125. A statute should be first read as a whole. Then, it must be read section by section, clause by clause and word by word. It would enable the discovery of the true meaning of each section, clause and word and how these sections, clauses and words fit into the scheme of the Act. No part of the Statue can be constructed in isolation. This methodology is adopted in ____

        Rule of Harmonious Construction

Rule of Reasonable Interpretation

Rule of Literal Interpretation

Rule of Exceptional Construction

126. If the _________ used in a statute makes it clear that a ________ sense is intended, the rule of Ejusdem Generis shall not apply.

Specific words, narrow

Specific words, wider

General words, narrow

General words, wider

127. ____________ is also known as Heydon’s Rule and Mischief Rule.

The rule of Beneficial Construction

The rule of Ejusdem Generis

The rule of Exceptional Construction

Noscitur A Sociis

128. Where the words are clear, the language is plain, and only 1 meaning can be derived, it would mean that the language used speaks the mind of the parliament and there is no need to look somewhere else to discover the true intention and meaning of the words used. The interpretation in such case shall be ________

Reasonable interpretation

Harmonious interpretation

Literal interpretation

Exceptional interpretation

Categories:MCQs

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